His sayings and proverbs, which embodied his philosophy of life, were handed down from generation to generation. There are 12 major meridians, or pathways, for qi, and each is associated with a major vital organ or vital function. “Orisha” as a term, is actually the combination of two Yoruba words (I discovered that the root word is from the Egyptian god Osiris who had other qualities, “Osh”, meaning many, and “iri”, meaning to do or many eyed. Chilli â Shombo in Yoruba. In the Yoruba system, the seven Orisha’s have many counterparts, or partners that bring about various qualities or spiritual forces. it involves practices by which human beings hoped to be able to understand and control the forces of the universe. The gods whom Atum projected from his body were: Who are said to have given birth to four other Gods: The Egyptian concept of cosmology, like the Chinese doctrine of Yin and Yang, and the East Indian system of Tridosha (Pitta, Vata, and Kapha), offered a comprehensive explanation of the natural forces of the universe. Oya Orisha predominates in the lungs, bronchial passages, and the mucous membranes. Like almost everything else in the cultural life of Egypt, the development of science and medicine began with the priests, and dripped with evidences of its magical origins. (3) Slice the carrots, leeks and celery and add to the pot with the parsley stalks and bay leaves, salt and pepper. There are many books written on the subject of herbology. It was also believed that each element possessed certain qualities: hot, dry, wet, and cold. It is merely a basis to establish the integration of African Medicine into the family of Planetary herbology. Unless he addresses the cause of the disease, the sickness will eventually come back. posted a word I have tried in this essay to accomplish the first part of a pleasant assignment which I rashly laid upon myself about two years ago: to integrate African medicine into the scheme of Planetary Herbology. | by NgEX. Effirin in Yoruba ocimum gratissimum or clove basil. When a person gets overloaded with waste, toxins from constipating junk foods, drugs, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, sodas, fried foods, bleach white flour, enriched flour, white rice, dairy products, cooked pig and blood in meat, salt, white suger, incorrect food combinations (i.e. Early in its history and its development, Nile Valley civilization created a basic way of life that attracted teachers, and priests from other parts of Africa, always enriching the original composite composition of the Nile Valley. Soro soke werey Yorubic medicine is indigenous to and widely practiced on the African continent. The proper balance of elements preserved the health of the body, and a lack of balance led to illness which called for the doctor’s healing magic. Seekers, or aspirants of the system of Osain, or Yoruba, seek to bring themselves into alignment (balanced health) with his spiritual being (immortal reality), and his relationship with the Divine Cause. Whenever we listen to our bodies, it moves to provide us with the training and the appropriate knowledge that we need to regain our balance. Japanese medicine was born in a meeting with Chinese culture, and Western herbology sprang from a meeting of the ancient Greek and Egyptian priests. The same combination of vowels and consonants has different meanings depending on the pitch of the vowels (whether they are pronounced with a high voice or a low voice). Newsletter | Sample Lesson | Students Only. By 2000 B.C. The art of medicine, as Yorubic practitioners understand. Oblations, charms, exorcisms, astrology, oracles, incantations, vows, divination, priests, fortune-tellers, and demonic spirits are a part of the historic picture of Africa and India. Kingly, Virility, Masculinity, Fire, Lightning, Stones, Protector/ warrior, Magnetism, he possesses the ability to transform base substance into that which is pure and valuable. Physical and spiritual balance in Yorubic medicine is best described by the concept of “Aba”, or human development. Make friends, share videos & photos, record pronunciations and listen to the meaning of words in Nigerian languages and English. (5) Humans would have to eat two cloves of raw garlic a day to obtain the equivalent amount of allicin given to rats in the study. There is no doubt the Memphite Theology played a major role in evolving Egyptian medical theory. Now let’s look at Ayurveda in light of Yorubic herbal principles. 1500 B.C.) It contains theological, cosmological, and philosophical views of the Egyptians. Pregnancy and fetal sex tests were conducted by Egyptian herbalist who soaked bags of wheat and barley in a sample of a woman’s urine. It was through the Ashe (Nature) that matter and forces of creation evolved from. The Hypocritic humoural theory was taken from Egyptian Magical Principles (see diagram 1). From such origins, there rose in Egypt great physicians, surgeons, and specialists, who acknowledged an ethical code that passed down into the famous Hippocratic oath. This was due pertly because of the historical, and cultural links of each of these systems. This “bringing about” is a dual endeavor as the herbalist need follow certain guidelines and practices to efficaciously heal or correct imbalance of physical health. the elements in creation were fire (Atum), water (Nun), Earth (Ptah) and Air. Tempest, Guardian of the Cemetery, Winds of Change, Storms, Progression, she is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango, she is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings arise. By the time the Third Dynasty arrived during the reign of King Zoser, Imhotep, the great African physician had expanded on much of the earlier theories of medicine. The Chinese also recognize the “seven emotions” as causes to disease. The union of the Orisha (angelic forces) and Aba, (human development) gave birth to the dual potentiality of the human spirit. ", "What drew me to East - West was the uniqueness of the course. I was shocked to know that tummeric is ata- ile called Ajo in my local language. Angelic forces (Orisha) —————— ewe (herbs), Obatala: Antispasmodic, stimulants, nervine, diaphoretic, Elegba: All herbs (herbs used for harmonizing), Oshun: Alteratives, blood tonics, cholagogues, emmenagogues, antipyretics, expectorants, carminatives, Yemoja: Perturient, tonics, diuretics, cholagogues, Ogun: Rubefacients, antianemics, antihemorrhagics, nutritive tonics, cardiac tonics, diuretics. Yemoja Orisha, the Mother of Waters, is said to contain her powers in Lakes, and oceans (salt water). This can be an illuminating process. Its direction is West. Chinese herbology adopted some of its principles with the meeting of Egypt. The Yoruba language belongs to the Congo-Kordofanian language family. In the Americas and the Caribbeans, Osain based practitioners are also directed to use herbs as medicine. He first emerged from the primeval waters of Idun in the form of a primeval Hill. So the Western doctor, by removing the discomfort through drugs, has temporarily taken away the motivation (iwa-pele) for their patient to look for the true healing. A Vaidya (Ayurveda doctor) seeks to achieve health throuhh the balancing of the three doshas. Consequently, within the universe contact is established between objects through emanations (radiation), the result might be sensation or cognition, healing or contagion.4. This was created by Oludumare for a divine purpose. In some instances the herbal solutions are used in diluted form for enemas. The population can usually obtain herbs either by private practice or from the marketplace in town. Egyptian priest physicians saw the ideal of medicine as a magical principle: “that the qualities of animals or things are distributed throughout all their parts”. They indicated that we must pass through all four aspects, or directions, if we are to be complete and balanced human beings. Oya Orisha represents the wind, or air element and is hot and wet in nature. Yoruba Medicine â History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors. Demons, or negative spirits enters the body through the five senses, the imagination and the carnal appetites. Obatala, is represented by the color white. Again, Yoruba medical principles give us a system which harmonizes with the directional energies given in Planetary Herbology. To them, magic and healing was “applied religion”. I need clove seed and oil Cloves ,called kanafuru in yoruba language. In the herbal context, each require special herbs and foods to bring out the life force energy that bring about their qualities. Orunmila saw that dual levels of potentiality existed in the human body. Furthermore, herbs are categorized. Oshun, is represented by the color yellow. explores a broad range of medical science and includes chapters on the pulse and cardio-vascular system, dermatology, gynecology, ophthalmology, obstetrics, tumors, burns, fractures, intestinal disorders and much more. It’s season is spring. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was published in 1930 by James Henry Breasted, who had spent ten years translating the document. There are different types of effirin in Yoruba language. It is best that novices seek out divination before attempting to get and prepare herbal formulas. It is the job of the Oloogun (medicine healer) to help the patient overcome the opposing forces that disrupt their health. They put together a “sacred” geometry which were a set of mathematical ratios and proportions. Igbo language: Nchanwu in Igboland. 1. (1) a new one costs the equivalent of 10 old ones (2) Marias opens the piece by talking about how some phrases just don't have a similar equivalent in other languages. Yorùbá medicine, or egbo'gi, is an African system of herbalism practiced primarily in West Africa and the Caribbean. When the Europeans came into Africa and saw the African dancing in a frenzy with their bodies covered in ashe, they did not understand or comprehend, so they labeled it primitive, savage and backward. In the body, the Erinle-Orisha can be understood in terms of metabolic energy which activates, or stimulates the other Orisha. Although the range of laser radiation extends both below and above the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, that radiation is, in a sense, only a special form of light. When understanding the African’s use of demonic and spiritual agencies in medicine, it is important to understand that this concept is used merely as a cosmic-tool to explain physical phenomena in nature which is unique to African thought. Every ancient culture taught the “sacred four”. The word “Osain” means “the divine Orisha of plants”. Herbs are picked for medicinal, and the spiritual powers they possess. The approach of Osain herbology would be to determine which of the Orishas are out of alignment. All the names of herbs and plants in yoruba language. Uses : Cloves are increasingly now added to traditional soups and stews for their aromatic properties. The Yoruba are an ethnic group of 40-million people in both Nigeria and Benin, comprising Yorubaland. physicians in Egypt had already created an effective organic chemical contraceptive. The spiritual bath is given along with prayers and incantations especially designed to help ward off the negative spirits. This is essential in Yoruba medicine in order to bring one’s nature back in contact with the inherent force of all creation. Garlic - ayu. The Western mentality couldn’t understand because of their materialistic way of seeing. The Oloogun’s under the Osain system utilize a similar concept. Note the startling resemblance between the linguistic terminology of Yoruba and Ayurveda, very often the same sounding words, meanings, and similar spellings. Since beetroot is not a very common vegetable in Nigeria, there is no widely known Yoruba term for beetroot â this â¦ Honey may be used, however, along with some lemon. sympathetic nervous system, para sympathetic nervous system, circulatory system, digestive organs, elimination system, pubic area (female), heart, kidney (adrenal glands), tendons, and sinews, reproductive system (male), bone marrow, life force or chi, lungs, bronchial passages, mucous membranes. Namely, Ayurvedic, North American Indian herbology, Western, and Chinese herbology. (1) Finely chop the shallots, garlic, basil, celery , parsley and beetroot and place in a bowl. This myth about African medicine creeped in over centuries of misunderstandings. As I mentioned earlier, racially and linguistically, the East Indians and Africans have a common origin, going back to the ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Dravidians. However, as the patient’s state of consciousness asserts itself, they will again violate the same natural law and eventually have another opportunity to receive motivation in the form of a new ailment to learn what they are doing wrong. From this example, one can get an idea of the wholistic treatment approach of Osain Herbology. Harvard Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90047 / email@example.com, XML MAP | 2018 (c) Copyright East West School of Herbology ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, Online Professional Herbalist School: Learn from the Best, "This course and the additional books and courses which it has led me to, has given me a solid foundation from which to grow. It is believed by Africans that where a plant grows also effects its spiritual powers (energy) to heal. Munster-Leinster (Southern Irish) 2. There was a tendency of Egyptian physician and priest to associate magic with medicine. Each Orisha is characterized by certain attributes and is in charge of specific organ functions. The concept of universal harmony is character istic to African thought. The theoretical equivalent of Yin and Yang in Yoruba is represented by Oshun (the divinity of feminine essence), and Shango (the divinity of virility, and masculinity). This would include herbs, spiritual baths, symbolic sacrifice, song, dance, ani prayer, as well as a change of diet. Dosage: 2shot 3times daily Yoruba:Arunmolekun/ Lakuregbe Eroja/Ohun Elo; Atale Aayu Osan wewe Ori Omi Bi a o se se Butryospermum paradoxum â Shea tree â Ori. The Obatala Orisha is responsible for white fluids of the body which is located in the throat region of Orisha/Obatala (also known in Yaga as the 5th Chakra, see diagram 3). The other Yoruboid languages include Igala and Itsekiri. The Nok culture was visited. that counteracts the constipating character of its food by using its long bill as a rectal syringe. The Orishas also have special places or main locations in the body where they can accumulate, or cause havoc and disease. Yoruba is a tonal language. She is the amniotic fluid in the womb of the pregnant woman, as well as, the breasts which nurture. Find more Yoruba words at wordhippo.com! Many of the herbs users in Osain are specifically selected to effect a particular Orisha in the body, including the energies and therapeutic properties inherent in the nature of the herb. Physically, the negative disposition can cause chronic digestion problems, and a weakening of the immune system. The direction that a plant is picked in a particular area is also important under Yorubic medicine. someone cannot play with ... There is no other explanation for the similarities between herbal systems around the world. Garlic Lime Shea butter Water or Soda water How to prepare it Get some quality of ginger and some quality of garlic, cut 10 pieces of lime into halves and soak all inside one litre of soda water or ordinary water. (see diagram 5). alternanthera nodiflora â Dagunro. Urine from a pregnant woman was known to accelerate the growth of certain plants; if the barley sprouted, it meant that the woman was pregnant and was going to give birth to a female child, and if the wheat sprouted it meant that she would give birth to a male child. The connection between one’s consciousness (Ori) and one’s behavior (iwa-pele) is clearly seen as a way of maintaining a correct attitude towards nutrition and lifestyles in order to ward off sickness (negative spirits) and disease. The botanical name is ocimum canum or African basil and itâs different from holy basil that is belladona. Of the thousands of medical papyri originally written, less then a dozen have been discovered, and of that number, the Ebers Papyrus and the Edwin Smith Papyrus are deemed the most profound. One can perceive a universal wisdom that is common in every culture and system of herbal medicine. ", Michelle Collins, Clinical Herbalist, RH (AHG), MPH (East West School Graduate), East West Clinical Herbalist (EWCH) Program, Professional Herbalist Course Payment Plan, 2021 Seminar Online Foundation Track, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Intermediate Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Advanced Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, Obtaining an Herbalist Certification or Herbalist Degree, Online Herbal Seminar: 2021 Seminar Registration, Cancer – Its causes, symptoms and treatment (book), The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts by Baba Ifa Karade (Samuel Weiser, Inc.; York Beech, Maine; 1994), p. l, Michael Omoleya, Certificate History of Nigeria (London & Lagos: Longman Group, 1986), p. 15, Cheikh Anta Diop, Precolonial Black Africa (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, co-published with Lawrence Hill, 1992), p. 216, Stolen Legacy by George James (Julian Richardson Assoc. They believe that when a person is in spiritual alignment, demons cannot produce illness. Within the last 400 years, this healing system has also been practiced in the day-to-day lives of individuals in the Caribbean, and South America, in large part, because of the traditions brought over by African slaves arriving in the Americas. Many Westerners take it for granted that “African medicine” is a vague term for a collection of medical “voo doo”. As in Tradition Chinese Medicine, the Yorubic priests help to cure physical symptoms by treating the emotional vice that lead to the ailment in the first place. It is the Mother of Waters, and is associated with the color blue and crystal. Let us look at the correspondance between Western herbology and the Egyptian system. We can see that the Egyptians recognized the connection between food (disease) and the cause of certain pathological diseases. In Yoruba language, almond is known as imumu ofio omu, ofio omu, or simply omu.. 2. Because the Osain system have many Orisha which serve different purposes, we will only focus on Erinle-Orisha, the Orisha of medicine. Cayenne pepper is referred to Ata gun gun in the Yoruba language. NigerianDictionary.com is a social media network for Nigerian Languages and Culture, where you can post, discover and share Nigerian videos, pictures, words, pronunciations & translations in Nigerian Languages (currently Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba) It is the goal of man to align his earthly consciousness with Ori (the physical and spiritual head) in order to connect with his divinity. Plants in these areas are used to help protect energies of the feminine force. If the universal energy is One, then the foundation on which the four energies rest is Universal Energy. The smaller circles represents the ever changing nature of Orisha (spirit) and ajogun (demon), and each Orisha demonstrate that each contains the potential to transform into its corresponding demon (or disease). The erythema subsided, leaving hyperpigmentation in the previously depigmented areas.”5. Western medicine deals in the area of eliminating the symptoms that have manifested in the physical body, while Yorubic healing deals with the elimination of the root source of the problem. (English), chineloneche To understand the application of Osain herbology, lets’s take as an example a person suffering from a bronchial-pulmonary condition including cough, and spitting of white mucus. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc. Osain utilizes the spiritual bath for this same purpose. This papyrus is also of great importance because of its use of the word “brain” and references to the neurological relationship between the brain (spinal cord and nervous system) and the body. Cassava-based. The Egyptian principles of magic and medicine. They are a traditional spice but are more commonly used in traditional medicine such as agbo or aseje, this is more common in Yoruba speaking areas. Botanical names: Petroselinum hortense and/or Petroselinum crispum. For exemple, when a medical Doctor writes a prescription he uses the Egyptian symbol for health(Jupiter) with the symbol for retrograde= Rx This means, “I curse your health in retrograde” = death. Messenger of the Orisha, Holder of Ashe (pover) among the Orisha, he is prime negotiator between negative and positive forces in body, enforces the “law of being”. According to Osain herbology, medicinal herbs, spiritual baths, prayers, and meditation is the cornerstone of health. This is achieved through herbs, spiritual baths, right living, diet, rituals, and self-development which are meant to maintain a healthy and happy life. Table 4: Color, Number, and Natural Environment, Places struck by lightning, base of trees, Cemetary, places hit by Hurricanes, Storms. Itâs not only in the Yorubaland, but also among the other cultures in Nigeria. Ayurveda uses the Panchakarma for purification and removal of toxins in the body. The seven major Orisha are examined in table one. Modern science has since discovered that acacia spikes contain lactic acid, which is a natural chemical spermicide. Now let us compare the Western system of classification with the herbal properties of the presiding Orisha correspondence: The Planetary system of herbology also recognizes environmental energies at the core of its principles. human nature. Oya: Antituesives, demulcents, expectorants, antiphlegmatics. Mother of Waters, Sexuality, Primal Waters, Nurturer. Orunmila’s teachings were directed at the Yoruba people which centered around the topics of divination, prayer, dance, symbolic gestures, personal and communal elevation, spiritual baths, meditation, and herbal medicine. The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba â¦ Under the Yoruba system, the major meridians are the 7 Orishas. Enemas are among one of the most effective treatments in cleaning out the colon which is the seat of many diseases. During the reign of King Menes, there developed a body of knowledge which centered around magic, medicine, philosophy and religion which is known as the Memphite Theolopy. Any plants that are found growing in cemeteries, are said to have the enhancing powers of Oya. Among the various medical techniques for diagnosis and treatment, Yorubic medicine provides an important and valuable system worthy of study. Ayurveda and Osain saw purification as a means of purging the body of possible infections and impurities, a practice which has proven to have a rational basis. it made sourcing for it more easy for me. The use of other forms of light in medicine has a longer history. For instance, the Oya Orisha is considered the Guardian of the Cemetery. according to numbers, colors, and directions. Therefore, researching the possibilities of herbal use is recommended. It is also advisable to rely on priests and qualified herbalists to begin the healing process before getting involved with the properties and powers of herbs yourself. Myth, legend, drama, ritual, dance, in addition to whatever it may be, are vehicles for carrying profound knowledge about the human experience. This time period is known as the Bronze Age, a time of high civilization of both of these groups. This Orisha indicates medicines which effect the circulatory system, digestive organs, and the elimination system. (The Yoruba’s were obviously inspired with the seven Orishas by the ancient Eygptian’s concept of the seven openings in the head.). (The term Osain is also used to describe Yorubic herbology. In the Yorubic system, the four elements became: Shango (the fire element), Oya (the air element), Yemoja (the water element), and Elegba (the Ashe, or earth element). Tariq Sawandi (A.K.A. The influence of Egyptian medicine was so great on European culture that even to this day Egyptian concepts still have its signature in modern Western medicine. Reply. Connacht (Western Irish) 3. The only complete healing for a ailment must include a change of “consciousness” (Ori) where the individual recognizes the root cause and does not wish, or feel compelled to violate its pain. ( salt water ) also have special places or main locations in the “ Oya ” and “ Obatala Orishas! In focal points of the Cemetery the major meridians, or egbo'gi, is an inscription on stone! The “ demonic ” beings the Egyptians which influenced the beginnings and carnal. Guilt can put Elegba into a health food store or met an herbalist who was familiar... And religious ) crafts detailed below recommended way to prepare these herbs the! Energy that bring about various qualities or spiritual forces directed to use the corresponding herbal treatment to correct derangement... 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