[144] Ethnic Romanian politicians sharply opposed the Hungarian government's attempts to transform Hungary into a national state, especially the laws prescribing the obligatory teaching of Hungarian. [238] At 5,800 km2 (2,200 sq mi),[239] the Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe,[240] and supports 1,688 different plant species alone. The state is obliged to fund public hospitals and clinics. Cold and strained during the early post-war period, U.S. bilateral relations with Romania began to improve in the early 1960s with the signing of an agreement providing for partial settlement of American property claims. [147][148] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War in 1913. Câte milioane de români au acces la internet", "• Chart: Blistering broadband: Europe's fastest downloaders | Statista", "Top 10: Where to Find the World's Fastest Internet", "Romanian city comes out first in the world in Internet download speed ranking", "Country/Economy Profiles: Romania, Page 329 Travel&Tourism", "Tourism attracted in 2005 investments worth €400 million", Report from Romanian National Institute of Statistics, "Castelul Bran, marcat de istorie, dar şi de legenda lui Dracula atrage anual sute de mii de turişti", "Bine ati venit pe site-ul de promovare a pensiunilor agroturistice din Romania !!! [149] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. As Romania's foreign debt increased sharply between 1977 and 1981 (from US$3 billion to $10 billion),[205] the influence of international financial organisations—such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank—grew, gradually conflicting with Ceaușescu's autocratic rule. [296], Romania has attracted increasing amounts of foreign investment following the end of Communism, with the stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Romania rising to €83.8 billion in June 2019. Romania is a picturesque and fascinating country with something for everyone, whether you’re looking for fantastic food, exhilarating hiking, cultural diversity, or turbulent history.It was no small task, but we’ve done you the favor of picking out 10 of the most beautiful Romanian cities and towns so that you can plan your trip with ease. The oldest known surviving document written in Romanian, a 1521 letter known as the "Letter of Neacșu from Câmpulung",[23] is notable for including the first documented occurrence of the country's name: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească (old spelling for "The Romanian Land"; țeara from the Latin terra, "land"; current spelling: Țara Românească). [220], The country applied in June 1993 for membership in the European Union and became an Associated State of the EU in 1995, an Acceding Country in 2004, and a full member on 1 January 2007. [267], The Air Force currently operates modernised Soviet MiG-21 Lancer fighters. Most Wallachian and Moldavian princes paid a regular tribute to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively. There is also a significant number of persons of Romanian Jewish ance… Cine sunt următorii în Top 5", "Miodrag Belodedici: the fugitive libero who conquered Europe twice | Jonathan Wilson", "What happened to Helmuth Duckadam? [235]:17 It lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N and longitudes 20° and 30° E. The terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountains, hills, and plains. [166][167] The democratic parties were squeezed between conflicts with the fascist and anti-Semitic Iron Guard and the authoritarian tendencies of King Carol II. [133] After special assemblies convoked in Moldavia and Wallachia urged the unification of the two principalities, the Great Powers did not prevent the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as their collective domnitor (or ruling prince) in January 1859. [181] After the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, about 132,000 Jews – mainly Hungarian-speaking – were deported to extermination camps from Northern Transylvania with the Hungarian authorities' support. Although the city itself is not insanely spectacular, it still has a lot to offer thanks to its close proximity to the sea, including one of the best beaches in Romania.. ", "Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu", "How important is tourism in Romania's economy? In the Southeast, communities are found in Georgia (Metro Atlanta), Florida (South Florida) and Alabama (Montgomery). [201], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [43] Dacia was again united under Decebalus around 85 AD. [107] The Romanians' Orthodox faith remained only tolerated,[107] although they made up more than one-third of the population, according to 17th-century estimations. [68], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [341] In 2018, however, Romania lost its voting rights in the ESA due to a failure to pay €56.8 million in membership contributions to the agency. An overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. [74][75][76] The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Hungarians to the east of the Carpathians. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome". Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[374] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. Of these, 650,000 were in kindergarten (three-six years), 3.11 million in primary and secondary level, and 650,000 in tertiary level (universities). Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. [135], The Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under the collective guardianship of the Great Powers in 1856. [290] The largest local companies include car maker Automobile Dacia, Petrom, Rompetrol, Ford Romania, Electrica, Romgaz, RCS & RDS and Banca Transilvania. [104] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. [118], Princes Dimitrie Cantemir of Moldavia and Constantin Brâncoveanu of Wallachia concluded alliances with the Habsburg Monarchy and Russia against the Ottomans, but they were dethroned in 1711 and 1714, respectively. [56][58][59] The Huns forced the remnants of the local population into submission, but their empire collapsed in 454. [256], Since December 1989, Romania has pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United States and the European Union, albeit with limited relations involving the Russian Federation. [98][99] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. Around each corner is another stunning building or interesting story. The most notable players include Ștefan Birtalan, Vasile Stîngă (all-time top scorer in the national team) and Gheorghe Gruia who was named the best player ever in 1992. [455] Dinamo București reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final in 1990. Peaceful demonstrations degenerated into violence, prompting the intervention of coal miners summoned by Iliescu. [39] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. [116] The Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759. [52] The Romans could not resist, and Emperor Aurelian ordered the evacuation of the province Dacia Trajana in 271. Hope this article would be beneficial for you as it provides the name of cities in Romania which must not be missed and kindly share your views. [164][165] With oil production of 5.8 million tons in 1930, Romania ranked sixth in the world. [154] King Ferdinand again mobilised the Romanian army on behalf of the Entente Powers a day before Germany capitulated on 11 November 1918. [184] After a successful Soviet offensive, the young King Michael I ordered Antonescu's arrest and appointed politicians from the National Democratic Bloc to form a new government on 23 August 1944. June 27, 2016 adonisabril Reply. [303] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[252] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. [40][42] After Burebista was murdered in 44 BC, his empire collapsed. [248] Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to approximately 570 mm (22 in). The Romanian countryside is beautiful and the cities have so many things to do. [302] The World Bank estimates the railway network at 22,298 kilometres (13,855 mi) of track, the fourth-largest railroad network in Europe. In November 1940, Romania signed the Tripartite Pact and, consequently, in June 1941 entered World War II on the Axis side, fighting against the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and recovered Northern Transylvania. Dacians and Romans built their cities on the same site, mostly due to the nearby salt … [108][109], The princes of Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia joined the Holy League against the Ottoman Empire in 1594. [69] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. The post–1989 period is also characterised by the fact that most of the former industrial and economic enterprises which were built and operated during the Communist period were closed, mainly as a result of the policies of privatisation of the post–1989 regimes. Romania is divided into 41 counties (județe, pronounced judetse) and the municipality of Bucharest. The legislative branch of the government, collectively known as the Parliament (residing at the Palace of the Parliament), consists of two chambers (Senate and Chamber of Deputies) whose members are elected every four years by simple plurality. [193][194] Romania remained under the direct military occupation and economic control of the USSR until the late 1950s. [56][63] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [33] The first permanent settlements also appeared in the Neolithic. Overall, it has played in seven World Cups and had its most successful period during the 1990s, when it finished 6th at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, eventually being ranked 3rd by FIFA in 1997.[432]. [16] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 69% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. [424], Pork, chicken, and beef are the preferred types of meat, but lamb and fish are also quite popular. [344], The nuclear physics facility of the European Union's proposed Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) laser will be built in Romania. [323], Rural tourism, focusing on folklore and traditions, has become an important alternative,[324] and is targeted to promote such sites as Bran and its Dracula's Castle, the painted churches of northern Moldavia, and the wooden churches of Maramureș, or the villages with fortified churches in Transylvania. One of the best known foods of Romanian origin is Pastrama. [16] It has the world's 45th largest economy by nominal GDP, with an annual economic growth rate of 3.5% as of 2020. Counties & Major Cities. They came from various regions in Moldavia, Transylvania and neighboring countries such as Ukraine and Serbia with significant Romanian population. In the 1990s, New York and Los Angeles were favorite destinations for Romanian emigrants to the US.[13]. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. [31][32] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. [236] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. [265], The Romanian Armed Forces consist of land, air, and naval forces led by a Commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defence, and by the president as the Supreme Commander during wartime. [141] The Great Powers acknowledged Romania's full independence at the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in 1881. [349] Hungarians constitute a majority in the counties of Harghita and Covasna. [392] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[393] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[394] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language. [103] Increasing taxes outraged the Transylvanian peasants, and they rose up in an open rebellion in 1437, but the Hungarian nobles and the heads of the Saxon and Székely communities jointly suppressed their revolt. [277] Each county is subdivided further into cities and communes, which have their own mayor and local council. [420] There are sacrifices of live pigs during Christmas and lambs during Easter that has required a special exemption from EU law after 2007. [345] In early 2012, Romania launched its first satellite from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guyana. [274] Romanian troops participated in the occupation of Iraq, reaching a peak of 730 soldiers before being slowly drawn down to 350 soldiers. [113], The united armies of the Holy League expelled the Ottoman troops from Central Europe between 1684 and 1699, and the Principality of Transylvania was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. [232] In 2016 the Human Development Index ranked Romania as a nation of "Very High Human Development". [24] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. [278] The cities and communes correspond to the NUTS-5 level divisions, but there are no current NUTS-4 level divisions. [252][255] Romania's 2007 entry into the EU has been a significant influence on its domestic policy, and including judicial reforms, increased judicial cooperation with other member states, and measures to combat corruption. Since then, Romania has experienced a population decline that puts the population at about 19.24 million people for 2020. Romania (/roʊˈmeɪniə/ (listen) ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] (listen)) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. At the country's 2011 census, 81.0% of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the Romanian Orthodox Church. Two spelling forms: român and rumân were used interchangeably[a] until sociolinguistic developments in the late 17th century led to semantic differentiation of the two forms: rumân came to mean "bondsman", while român retained the original ethnolinguistic meaning. This is a list of cities and towns in Romania, ordered by population according to the 2002 … [222] This has been accompanied by a significant improvement in living standards as the country successfully reduced domestic poverty and established a functional democratic state. At the Cannes Film Festival, The Death of Mr. Lazarescu by Cristi Puiu won the Prix Un Certain Regard in 2005,[410] while 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days by Cristian Mungiu won the festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, in 2007. Once the reference point has been established, the Price Index value of every other city in the database is calculated by … Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include: Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. Arta populara", "Winter holidays and Christmas traditions in Romania: the Bear dance, the Masked carolers and the Goat", "ROMANIA – Traditions and Folklore – Official Travel and Tourism Information", "Ministrul Agriculturii: UE accepta ca mieii de Pasti si porcii de Craciun sa fie sacrificati in mod traditional – Actualitate", "Martisor, a Spring celebration for Eastern Europeans", "Christina Bradatan, Cuisine and Cultural Identity in Balkans", "Romanian Recipes – like mom used to make", "28 Romanian Foods The Whole World Should Know – oneJive", "Retete traditionale Moldova: retete peste sau cu carne de porc", "Bucatarie romaneasca – Cultura si retete – Articole", "Țuica production consumed 75% of Romanian plums in 2003", "Football's impact in the Romanian economy reaches EUR 740 million annually, FRF estimates show", "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking – Associations – Romania – Men's", "Gheorghe Hagi: the Maradona of the Carpathians", "Nicolae Dobrin: Romania's true greatest ever player", "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1970", "Video Un Rio Formidabil: Mircea Lucescu, atacant dreapta în echipa de vis", "Former Romania captain Costica Stefanescu dies aged 62", "Concluzia dura a unei legende de la Steaua: Totul e un dezastru! In October 2011, Romanians made up 88.9% of the population. [252][253], The justice system is independent of the other branches of government and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts with the High Court of Cassation and Justice being the supreme court of Romania. [254] There are also courts of appeal, county courts and local courts. [159] Gender equality as a principle was enacted, but women could not vote or be candidates. [175] The Iron Guard staged a coup against Antonescu, but he crushed the riot with German support and introduced a military dictatorship in early 1941. [36], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. The NUTS-3 (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) level divisions of the European Union reflect Romania's administrative-territorial structure and correspond to the 41 counties plus Bucharest. [467] In present-day Cristina Neagu is the most notable player and has a record four IHF World Player of the Year awards. [160] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. [358] After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, a significant number of Romanians emigrated to other European countries, North America or Australia. [430], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. [153], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the war. Romania City List is letting us know all the best cities in Romania to visit as it is providing a brief description of the top 10 cities in Romania to visit and some Romania major cities. The states with the largest estimated Romanian American populations are:[14], Romanian-born population in the US since 2010:[15]. [94] The Mongols' Golden Horde emerged as the dominant power of Eastern Europe, but Béla IV of Hungary's land grant to the Knights Hospitallers in Oltenia and Muntenia shows that the local Vlach rulers were subject to the king's authority in 1247. [285] According to The World Bank, GDP per capita in purchasing power parity grew from $13,687 in 2007 to $28,206 in 2018. [219], After the end of the Cold War, Romania developed closer ties with Western Europe and the United States, eventually joining NATO in 2004, and hosting the 2008 summit in Bucharest. And in doubles Horia Tecău won three Grand Slams and the ATP Finals final. Thus, Communist Romania was the only Warsaw Pact country which refused to participate in the Soviet-led 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. ", "Over 1.9 million tourists visit Romania, where do they come from – Romania Insider", "Victor Babeş, savantul român care a descoperit 50 de noi tipuri de microbi şi un vaccin împotriva turbării", "Nicolae Paulescu was a Romanian scientist who claimed to have been the first person to discover insuli, which he called pancreine", "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974", "Science in post-communist Romania: The future is not inviting", "R&D expenditure in the EU remained stable in 2016 at just over 2% of GDP", "Romania, last in the EU on R&D expenditure", "CERN welcomes Romania as its twenty-second Member State", "Romania loses voting right at European Space Agency due to unpaid debts", "Science fortunes of Balkan neighbours diverge", "ELI-NP | Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics", "VIDEO Romania's first satellite Goliat successfully launch from Kourou base in French Guyana – Top News", "Romania will own a part of the International Space Station and will contribute to the development of the latest European rocket, Ariane 6", "European effort spotlights plight of the Roma", "Roma dream of discrimination-free Romania ahead of Pope visit", Official site of the results of the 2002 Census, "German Population of Romania, 1930–1948", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "Europe :: Romania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", MIGRATION AND ASYLUM IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE, "Romanian Translation | Romanian, Italian, English & French translations", "Iarna Ucraineană – Află care sunt localitățile din Maramureș în care se prăznuiesc sărbătorile de iarnă după rit vechi", "Two-thirds of working age adults in the EU28 in 2011 state they know a foreign language", "Roumanie – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie", "Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century", "European Court of Human Rights – Case of Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia", "Religious Belief and National Belonging in Central and Eastern Europe", "Urbanization of Romania: how urban population increased from 3.7 million in 1948 to 12 million in 1989", "Metropolitan Zone of Bucharest will be ready in 10 years", "Official site of Metropolitan Zone of Bucharest Project", "Galerie foto: Cum arată noul spital Colţea, după o investiţie de 90 de milioane de dolari", The Romanian Educational Policy in Transition, "Romanian Institute of Statistics Yearbook – Chapter 8", "Clasa pregătitoare, obligatorie din septembrie. 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romania city in usa

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